Prevention and early diagnosis of TB or disease in people in exclusion or at risk of exclusion
TB continues to affect vulnerable groups who do not recognise the symptoms of the disease, have poor access to health services or face difficulties in following treatment. Public health authorities need to be aware that in these groups, people with symptoms will not necessarily go to the doctor and will not always follow their treatment once a diagnosis has been made. Therefore, specific measures are needed to address these challenges.
Interventions with the mobile street outreach unit. In these interventions there will be an informative part about tuberculosis, its symptoms, how it is transmitted and treatment. And an evaluation and referral part in which, through a semi-structured interview, the possibility of the person’s symptoms or signs being compatible with TB will be assessed and the person will be referred to the corresponding health centre. The second block is made up of informative group sessions in which groups of people belonging to vulnerable families will be formed, lasting 50-60 minutes, in which they will talk about what TB is, what its symptoms are, how it is transmitted and what the treatment is.
Social and health care for women in the context of prostitution
For the development of the programme we followed the methodology of a qualitative approach, exploring the reality of women in prostitution, the description of their living conditions and the interpretation of their lives. For the collection of information we used an initial interview, mainly focused on health but with the possibility of investigating more about their realities (according to the woman’s predisposition).
Improving the quality of life of people who work in prostitution by bringing the mobile unit closer to the health service, providing information and support for their physical and psychological problems.
Promotion of self-care for HCPs and people with drug addiction problems.
This programme will enable us to offer training modules in organisations and on the street in which self-care will be promoted. These modules will also provide information on health procedures such as, for example, requesting a doctor’s appointment, managing a telephone consultation or requesting a prescription.